Discussion 4 Urinary Function: Mr. J.R. is a 73-year-old man, who was

 

Discussion 4

Urinary Function:
Mr. J.R. is a 73-year-old man, who was admitted to the hospital with clinical manifestations of gastroenteritis and possible renal injury. The patient’s chief complaints are fever, nausea with vomiting and diarrhea for 48 hours, weakness, dizziness, and a bothersome metallic taste in the mouth. The patient is pale and sweaty. He had been well until two days ago, when he began to experience severe nausea several hours after eating two burritos for supper. The burritos had been ordered from a local fast-food restaurant. The nausea persisted and he vomited twice with some relief. As the evening progressed, he continued to feel “very bad” and took some Pepto-Bismol to help settle his stomach. Soon thereafter, he began to feel achy and warm. His temperature at the time was 100. 5°F. He has continued to experience nausea, vomiting, and a fever. He has not been able to tolerate any solid foods or liquids. Since yesterday, he has had 5–6 watery bowel movements. He has not noticed any blood in the stools. His wife brought him to the ER because he was becoming weak and dizzy when he tried to stand up. His wife denies any recent travel, use of antibiotics, laxatives, or excessive caffeine, or that her husband has an eating disorder.

Case Study Questions

1. The attending physician is thinking that Mr. J.R. has developed an Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). Analyzing the case presented name the possible types of Acute Kidney Injury. Link the clinical manifestations described to the different types of Acute Kidney injury.

2. Create a list of risk factors the patient might have and explain why.

3. Unfortunately, the damage on J.R. kidney became irreversible and he is now diagnosed with Chronic kidney disease. Please describe the complications that the patient might have on his Hematologic system (Coagulopathy and Anemia) and the pathophysiologic mechanisms involved.


Reproductive Function:
Ms. P.C. is a 19-year-old white female who reports a 2-day history of lower abdominal pain, nausea, emesis and a heavy, malodorous vaginal discharge. She states that she is single, heterosexual, and that she has been sexually active with only one partner for the past eight months. She has no previous history of genitourinary infections or sexually transmitted diseases. She denies IV drug use. Her LMP ended three days ago. Her last intercourse (vaginal) was eight days ago and she states that they did not use a condom. She admits to unprotected sex “every once in a while.” She noted an abnormal vaginal discharge yesterday and she describes it as “thick, greenish-yellow in color, and very smelly.” She denies both oral and rectal intercourse. She does not know if her partner has had a recent genitourinary tract infection, “because he has been away on business for five days.
Microscopic Examination of Vaginal Discharge
(-) yeast or hyphae
(-) flagellated microbes
(+) white blood cells
(+) gram-negative intracellular diplococci

Case Study Questions

1. According to the case presented, including the clinical manifestations and microscopic examination of the vaginal discharge, what is the most probably diagnosis for Ms. P.C.? Support your answer and explain why you get to that diagnosis.

2. Based on the vaginal discharged described and the microscopic examination of the sample could you suggest which would be the microorganism involved?

3. Name the criteria you would use to recommend hospitalization for this patient

 

Submission Instructions:

· You must complete both case studies.

· Your initial post should be at least 
500 words per case study, formatted and cited in current APA style with support from at least 2 academic sources. Your initial post is worth 8 points.

Grading Rubric 

Your assignment will be graded according to the grading rubric.

Discussion Rubric

Criteria

Ratings

Points

Identification of Main Issues, Problems, and Concepts

Distinguished – 5 points
Identifies and demonstrates a sophisticated understanding of the issues, problems, and concepts.

Excellent – 4 points
Identifies and demonstrates an accomplished understanding of most issues, problems, and concepts.

Fair – 1-3 points
Identifies and demonstrates an acceptable understanding of most issues, problems, and concepts.

Poor – 0 points
Identifies and demonstrates an unacceptable understanding of most issues, problems, and concepts. Or nothing was posted.

5 points

Use of Citations, Writing Mechanics, and APA Formatting Guidelines

Distinguished – 3 points
Effectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. Exceptional use of citations and extended referencing. High level of APA precision and free of grammar and spelling errors.

Excellent – 2 points
Effectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. Moderate use of citations and extended referencing. Moderate level of APA precision and free of grammar and spelling errors.

Fair – 1 point
Ineffectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. Moderate use of citations and extended referencing. APA style and writing mechanics need more precision and attention to detail.

Poor – 0 points
Ineffectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. Unacceptable use of citations and extended referencing. APA style and writing mechanics need serious attention. Or nothing was posted.

3 points

Response to Posts of Peers

Distinguished – 2 points
Student constructively responded to two other posts and either extended, expanded, or provided a rebuttal to each.

Fair – 1 point
Student constructively responded to one other post and either extended, expanded, or provided a rebuttal.

Poor – 0 points
Student provided no response to a peer’s post.

 

2 points

Total Points 

10

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