HLTH 231 ECC Ambulatory Aids Competency Nursing Assignment Help

For this competency, you will create two Patient Educational Handouts—the first handout for crutch gaits and a second for walkers and canes. Your handouts will discuss general guidelines when using these ambulatory aids. Please include full directions, do’s and don’t when using, and safety education. Including all theory questions.

Expert Solution Preview

Introduction:

In the field of medicine, it is essential to provide patients with accurate and comprehensive information to empower them in managing their health. As a medical professor, I am responsible for creating assignments and providing educational materials to medical college students. In this particular assignment, we will focus on creating two Patient Educational Handouts discussing crutch gaits and walkers and canes. These handouts will encompass general guidelines, directions, do’s and don’ts, and safety education. Additionally, I have included theory questions to reinforce the learning process. Let’s proceed to the answers.

Answer:

Patient Educational Handout – Crutch Gaits:

Crutch Gaits: General Guidelines and Safety Education

Introduction:
Using crutches can help individuals with lower limb injuries regain mobility and independence. To ensure proper use and safety, it is important to understand the different crutch gaits and follow specific guidelines. This handout provides a step-by-step guide to the common crutch gaits and essential safety information.

1. Three-point Gait:
– Full weight bearing on one leg while the other leg and both crutches are off the ground.
– Provides maximum stability and is typically used when one leg is significantly weaker or injured.
– Instructions:
– Position both crutches forward, maintaining equal height.
– Advance the weaker or injured leg forward, placing it between the crutches.
– Transfer full weight to the crutches.
– Advance the stronger leg forward, beyond the crutches.
– Repeat the sequence.

2. Two-point Gait:
– Partial weight bearing on both legs with the crutches in opposition to the affected limb.
– Offers a more natural walking pattern and is suitable for patients with bilateral lower limb injuries or conditions.
– Instructions:
– Position one crutch forward along with the weaker leg.
– Transfer partial weight to the crutches and the weaker leg.
– Position the other crutch forward along with the stronger leg.
– Repeat the sequence.

3. Four-point Gait:
– Involves slow and steady movement with the use of all four limbs for weight-bearing support.
– Ideal for individuals with weakness or coordination difficulties in both lower limbs.
– Instructions:
– Position one crutch forward, followed by the weaker leg.
– Transfer partial weight to the crutches and the weaker leg.
– Advance the other crutch forward, followed by the stronger leg.
– Repeat the sequence.

Do’s and Don’ts:
– Do’s:
– Keep crutches clean and in good condition.
– Maintain an upright posture while walking with crutches.
– Keep the crutches close to the body for better stability.
– Use handgrips properly for comfortable and secure hold.
– Practice using crutches on level surfaces before attempting stairs or uneven terrain.
– Don’ts:
– Do not lean extensively on the crutches while standing or walking.
– Avoid excessive swinging of the injured or weaker limb.
– Do not rush or attempt to walk too quickly, especially during the initial stages of using crutches.
– Avoid using crutches on slippery or unstable surfaces.

Safety Education:

– Always use prescribed crutches recommended by a healthcare professional.
– Understand and follow the specific guidelines provided by your healthcare provider regarding weight-bearing restrictions.
– Wear well-fitting, supportive footwear to enhance stability.
– Ensure clear pathways at home and remove potential tripping hazards.
– Seek assistance or notify healthcare provider if experiencing pain, unusual discomfort, or any concerns regarding crutch usage.

Theory Questions:
1. Name three common crutch gaits.
2. Which crutch gait involves full weight bearing on one leg while the other leg and both crutches are off the ground?
3. When is the two-point gait typically used?
4. Explain the purpose of the four-point gait.
5. List three do’s and three don’ts when using crutches.

Patient Educational Handout – Walkers and Canes:

Walkers and Canes: General Guidelines and Safety Education

Introduction:
Walkers and canes are assistive devices that provide support and stability to individuals with mobility limitations. To ensure proper usage and safety, it is important to understand the guidelines and precautions associated with these ambulatory aids. This handout will provide comprehensive directions, do’s and don’ts, and safety education for walkers and canes.

1. Walkers:
– Walkers offer maximum stability and are suitable for individuals who require significant support during walking.
– Types of walkers include standard walkers, wheeled walkers, and rolling walkers.
– Instructions:
– Adjust the height of the walker so that the handles align with the crease of your wrists when your arms are relaxed.
– Stand upright and position the walker slightly ahead of you.
– Grasp the handles firmly while keeping your elbows slightly bent.
– Step forward with the weaker or affected leg, ensuring it clears the walker.
– Transfer weight onto the walker and the weaker leg simultaneously.
– Step forward with the stronger leg, beyond the walker.
– Repeat the sequence.

2. Canes:
– Canes offer less stability compared to walkers but provide support to individuals with mild balance or mobility issues.
– Types of canes include standard canes, quad canes (four-legged), and offset canes.
– Instructions:
– Hold the cane in the hand opposite to the weaker or affected leg.
– Adjust the cane’s height so that the handle aligns with the crease of your wrist when your arm hangs comfortably by your side.
– Position the cane about one small stride ahead of you.
– Place weight on both the cane and the affected leg simultaneously.
– Step forward with the stronger leg.
– Repeat the sequence.

Do’s and Don’ts:
– Do’s:
– Use the prescribed type of walker or cane recommended by your healthcare provider.
– Keep the walker or cane clean and check for any damages regularly.
– Proceed slowly and take small steps to maintain stability.
– Use handgrips and handles securely for a firm grip.
– Practice going up and down stairs or curbs under the guidance of a healthcare professional.
– Don’ts:
– Do not lean excessively on the walker or cane while standing or walking.
– Avoid using a cane on the side opposite to the weaker or affected leg.
– Do not try to move quickly or rush while using a walker or cane.
– Avoid using walkers or canes on slippery or uneven surfaces without assistance or proper training.

Safety Education:
– Consult with a healthcare provider or therapist to determine the most suitable walker or cane for your specific needs.
– Ensure proper fit and adjustment of the walker or cane to optimize stability and support.
– Regularly inspect the rubber tips of walkers and canes for wear and tear, replacing them when necessary.
– Avoid using walkers or canes on stairs without proper training and supervision.
– If using a wheeled walker, engage the wheels’ locking mechanism when stationary to prevent unintentional movement.

Theory Questions:
1. Name three types of walkers.
2. What is the purpose of offset canes?
3. Which hand should hold the cane when walking?
4. List three do’s and three don’ts when using walkers or canes.
5. Why is it important to engage the locking mechanism of a wheeled walker when stationary?

Note: The content provided here is a sample answer and should be customized according to the specific context and requirements of the medical college.

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